Monday 17 February 2020

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Investigated in an Interview with the Manager of Iran Migration Observatory;
Why the United States has inhibited the entrance of Chinese and Iranian students to this country?

By explaining the reason for inhibition of the entrance of Chinese and Iranian students to the United States, Salavati regarded this behavior as a foundation for economic and brain war.

By explaining the reason for inhibition of the entrance of Chinese and Iranian students to the United States, Salavati regarded this behavior as a foundation for economic and brain war.

According to the public relations and information center of the Vice-Presidency for science and technology affairs, Bahram Salavati, the manager of Iran Migration Observatory, pointed out the inhibition of entrance of an Iranian student to Boston, the United States, in an interview with Technology and Innovation Analytical News Database, stating: unfortunately, Iranian students have not been allowed to enter the country in recent times, and there have been reports of returning Iranian students with valid visas to US airports and even in transit countries prior to boarding.

He added: while preventing Iranian students and professionals from entering, stopping the issuance of investment and trade visas for Iranians, and strict or control of the entry of Iranian nationals with residence permits into American soil, especially after the escalated tension between the two countries, might have political reasons. However, the purpose of this article is to analyze the subject from another perspective.

Salavati continued: perhaps to some people, the restrictions on entry into the US should be analyzed in the context of the Trump administration's general "anti-immigration" policy. Despite the fact that the US government claimed that this order was not supposed to have an impact on the student and research visas, the most significant effect of this executive order was the significant reduction in F1 student visas and J1 visas for Iranian professors, scholars and specialists, which has declined markedly over the past three years. However, reducing and analyzing this reduction in visa issuance or entry solely through the effect of the "travel restriction" executive order may not fully explain the issue, and other factors need to be considered.

The manager of Iran Migration Observatory asserted: a key question is what factors can be effective in reducing visas for Iranian students and professionals? What are the reasons for preventing students and researchers with valid visas from entering American soil? In addition, is this restriction specific to Iranians or have other countries been exposed to it?

Salavati marked: answering these questions reveals the less emphasized aspects of the issue. In a report, Financial Times pointed out the specific restrictions on Chinese students' visa and entry to American territory from 2017 simultaneously with the beginning of the trump presidency, in a way that the Chinese government has constantly warned its students of entering the American soil and dealing with unusual problems. Interestingly, these tensions have intensified for Chinese students as the tensions between the US and China, especially in the so-called "trade war”, has increased.

He emphasized: the important point is that why the United States is worried about the entrance of Chinese students to the country, which are the largest source of foreign students for universities of the country and provide a considerable amount of revenues in the higher education sector of this nation?

Salavati mentioned: a part of the answer to this question can be found in the effect of the return of Chinese students to their origin country after graduation. In fact, they have been the main sources of science and technology transfer from US advanced universities and research centers in China over the past two decades. The effects of this transfer of knowledge and technology on the dramatic leap in academic centers, the formation of innovation hubs, and the technological breakthrough of some Chinese companies are quite evident. The effect has been so effective that it has even attracted Chinese officials and scientists from other countries.

This member of the policy-making research institute of Sharif University continued: the US, recognizing the importance of returning Chinese specialists as the driving force behind China's scientific and technological development and empowering its competitors in the field of economics and commerce, has pushed its trade war with China toward a "visa exchange" approach to counter the influx and rotation of Chinese students and professionals.

Perhaps this is why the Bloomberg Newspaper and Time Magazine have referred to the high volume of disapproval or extensions of Chinese student visas in their reports as new dimensions of the trade war between China and the United States.

Pointing out that this “visa exchange” between the US and China has not been without a cost, he expressed: in fact, for the first time in the last two decades, the rate of growth of international students in the US has been negative for two consecutive years, with the number of restrictions imposed on international students, especially Chinese.

Salavati asserted: the impact on the US higher education sector has been to a large extent in the number of university presidents and businesses in an open letter to Trump about the consequences of reducing the number of talented individuals and international students entering universities, business schools, and business centers. The country and its country's competitive advantage in the global economy have warned.

The manager of the Iranian national observatory added: nevertheless, the Trump administration continues to insist on visa restriction travel policies for some countries, such as China and Iran, despite fundamental concerns about maintaining US economic prosperity and job creation.

He also marked: in the light of the above, it may be possible to speculate to some extent on the question of reducing visas and tightening restrictions on the entry of Iranian students and professionals into American soil.

Salavati added: in addition to the US government's political tension with countries such as China (on a global scale) and Iran (on a regional scale), there is concern regarding the transfer of knowledge and technology of innovation and scientific centers (especially in sensitive fields and industries) by graduates and students. Considering the effect of return of Chinese graduates, the returning graduates and experts of Iran (on a small scale though) are a suitable foundation for transfer of knowledge and technology, especially from technology pioneering universities and centers of the world.

He mentioned: according to the statistics, more than 1400 Iranian graduates have returned from research centers and universities, especially top universities of the world and the US. Most of these returnees are either teaching or researching at universities or forming start-ups and knowledge-based businesses.

Some of them have been able to assemble successful global businesses and technologies in Iran and develop them at the industrial and economic scale. In fact, with regard to the economic and industrial sanctions against Iran and presence of rich human capital inside the country, the potential for economic exploitation based on the transfer of world-class knowledge and technology into the country is enormous.

The manager of Iran national observatory asserted: in fact, the United States fear the access of students from competing countries such as China and Iran, which in many aspects (political and economic) have a substantial conflict of interest, to their academic and research centers, and do not want the possibility of transferring world-class knowledge and technology from returning professionals and graduates.

Salavati also marked: the United States has adopted a "visa contrast" approach to prevent some students and professionals from entering countries with high probability of returning to their home country, which may be referred to as "brain war".

This member of the policy-making research institute of Sharif University stated: on this basis, it can be said that the US concern for the "brain war" is quite predictable by delaying student entry and boycotting the economic growth and development of Iranian technology through the return of Iranian graduates and professionals.

He added: first and foremost, the country needs to take an active approach to immigration, realistic policymaking, and change its attitude towards this phenomenon, and to take the opportunity to think and exploit the benefits of moving and turning talent.

Salavati mentioned: the second point concerns the non-destructive management of the automatic mechanism for sending students abroad. Iran's advantage over other countries is the automatic process of transferring students abroad. The pattern of relocation of Iranian students in the last two decades has been largely self-reliant, many of whom have left the country at their own expense or with the financing of their destination and have returned home after completing their education. Countries such as China spend a lot of money on sending and returning students. At the same time, their advantage over Iran is the deliberate choice of destination countries to send students and clever arrangements to encourage return while the destination country of Iranian students is often unintended and largely influenced by the destination country's visa system and economic conditions (foreign exchange prices) within the country to cover migration costs, usually without a specific return schedule.

The manager of the Iranian national observatory asserted: given America's "visa interaction " and "brain-warfare" confrontation with Iran, Iran can take steps to facilitate the visa system with countries whose economical and academic markets are at an acceptable level of modern day science and technology. The third point is the clever regulation of the process of international student deportation and relocation abroad lacks any specific framework, and it is the domain of some student deployment agencies solely for the benefit of their short-term interests.

He continued: the chaos in this sector is such that the main concern of some of these institutions is simply to accelerate the deployment of individuals abroad, regardless of the future of such deployments, the lack of minimum legal protection and future employment in post-migration or even in the post-migration period. Therefore, the urgent need of the country is to regulate the process of sending students abroad to prioritize reducing the economic and social problems of post-migration individuals during post-migration and return. In this regard, it is very useful and effective to provide legal and consular support services to the problems that some students face in entering the countries. The role of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Iranian consular missions in this area could be more proactive and supportive.

He emphasized: lastly, as the most important policy in this area, strengthening the platform and programs facilitating the return of Iranian graduates and professionals with the aim of keeping them alive and increasing the likelihood of their return to serve and transfer modern day knowledge and technology in line with economic and development needs.

Salavati reminded: fortunately, some Iranians, even after emigrating from the country, tend to maintain a connection with the home, in favorable economic and social conditions, wishing to return temporarily or even permanently. On this basis, perhaps the most important way of ensuring the benefits of Iranian students' migration abroad can be considered to be the policy of elite rotation and facilitating their return home.

In the end, he marked: this requires serious determination and a comprehensive understanding of the potential for knowledge and skills of returning professionals and graduates. Although positive steps have already been taken in this regard in the country, these measures are in no way commensurate with the capabilities of Iranians abroad. Perhaps one of the most important reasons for not taking seriously or at least underestimating the positive effects of returning graduates and professionals is the one-sided impression that these people are not returning home. Perhaps one of the most important reasons for not taking seriously or at least underestimating the positive effects of returning graduates and professionals is the one-sided impression that these people are not returning home. However, if appropriate programs and facilities in the hopeful economic, political and social context are available to return to the country, part of the outward migration will certainly not be one-sided. As long as the conditions are not ready to go back and forth, we can definitely not claim to have the upper hand in the "brain warfare"!

 

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Publish date : 2020/01/28
Code : 10557
Visit count: 79


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